“What does a glass of wine contain? A wish, a memory, a story…” our guide at VINSEUM, the Villafranca wine museum had suggested poetically to our small group at the start of our visit early that morning. By the time we’d finished the tour we’d learnt that a glass of vino contains so much more than grapes, yeast and sugar.
Set in an historic palace opposite the handsome cathedral in the centre of Villafranca, the museum, which reopened two years ago after an impressive remodelling, is the first museum dedicated to wine and cava in Catalonia.
An audio visual presentation, enhanced by timed illumination of displays, told us that wine was introduced to Spain 2,700 years, when it arrived by sea, most probably with the Phoenicians, whilst a collection of objects related to the history of the vine and wine in Catalunya included treasures such as the oldest grape seeds dating to the 7th century BC.
“Viticulture became important under the Romans who were already organizing their wines by age,” Cecilia revealed as she described the beginnings of viniculture in Catalonia and the disastrous affect of phylloxera on the early industry.
Many grape varieties were lost although it was thanks to phylloxera that oenology began after more scientific techniques were introduced to the study of wine.
Another video delved deeper into the winemaking process, from explaining the many parameters used to measure, monitor and identify wine quality, from using Ph levels to gauge acidity to calculating sugar content to check alcohol, and demonstrated with cute animations how yeast consumes sugar and once it’s consumed all we’re left with is wine.
In the final room, windows gave onto the leafy streets of Villafranca and the splendid city cathedral, while an ornate Gothic alter piece from 1456 reminded us of the religious uses of wine and a handsome antique bar of its immeasurable social value. Not that we needed any reminders!
Most museum tours end in the gift shop but here visitors finish with a tasting in the bar, included in the €7 fee (along with an audio tour). The stylish little bar specialises in wine from Catalunya and is open to the public. It was in here that we got to sample yet another of the 50 Great Cavas 2014 – Cava Reserva Brut Nature “Pure” by Mascaró